Exploring Treatment Options for Mental Health Disorders in Children

Mental health disorders in children can be difficult to diagnose and treat. While it’s important to get your child the help they need, it can be hard to know what the best treatment option is. In this blog, our mental health professional who specialises in child mental health treatment will discuss the different types of disorders in childhood that kids can suffer from, outline the various treatment options available for children with mental disorders, and provide advice on how to choose the right treatment for your child.

What is a Psychiatric Disorder?

Psychiatric disorders are common in children and can significantly impact their lives. ADHD, for example, is a mental health disorder that affects an individual’s ability to focus and can lead to problems with behaviour and academics. ASD is a developmental disorder that can cause social difficulties and repetitive behaviours. Depression is a serious mood disorder that can cause problems with sleep, appetite, energy levels, and concentration. Nervousness problems are described by over-the-top apprehension and stress. Bipolar depression is a mental illness that causes extreme changes in mood and behaviour.

Types of Psychiatric Disorders Children May Have

These are just some of the many mental disorders that can affect children. If you suspect that your child may be struggling with a mental health condition, it is important to seek professional help. Early intervention can make a big difference in the course of a child’s mental health.


Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a mental health issue and social anxiety disorder that is characterised by difficulty sustaining attention and poor impulse control. Symptoms of ADHD may include restlessness or hyperactivity; trouble focusing; impulsivity; and difficulty following instructions or completing tasks. Although ADHD can occur in both children and adults, it is most commonly diagnosed in childhood. The exact cause of ADHD is unknown, but it is believed to be linked to a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Treatment for ADHD typically involves a combination of medication, behavioural therapy, and education. With proper treatment, most people with ADHD can lead successful lives.

Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)

ASD is a developmental disorder wherein the affected person faces difficulties with communication and social interaction, repetitive behaviours, and restricted interests. Symptoms may vary from mild to severe depending on the individual. ASD is typically diagnosed in early childhood, although diagnosis may be delayed until adulthood in some cases. Although there is no cure for ASD, there is a range of interventions and therapies that can improve symptoms and help people with ASD to lead happy and fulfilling lives. If you are concerned that you or your child may have ASD, it is important to speak to your doctor for a full assessment.


Depression is a mood and childhood mental illness characterised by persistent feelings of sadness or loss of interest in activities that were once enjoyable. Symptoms may include fluctuating appetite or body weight; reduced energy levels; difficulty focusing or staying motivated; sleep disruptions such as insomnia or oversleeping; irritability, despair, guilt and even thoughts of suicide.  Depression can vary in severity from mild (minor depression) to severe (major depression), and it can be short-lived or long-lasting. While there is no one cause of depressive disorders, it is believed to be caused by a combination of genetic, biological, environmental, mental health, and psychological factors. Treatment for major depression typically includes psychiatric medications, therapy, and daily life changes.

Bipolar Disorder

Bipolar disorder or bipolar depression is a mood and panic disorder characterised by extreme shifts in mood from manic highs to depressive lows. It is also called manic depression. Symptoms may include grandiose thinking, increased energy levels, racing thoughts, distractibility, decreased need for sleep, irritability or agitation, and extreme sadness or hopelessness.


Anxiety is an emotional state characterised by fear or worry about things that are out of one’s control. A stressful event such as public speaking is a risk factor for social anxiety disorder. Also, traumatic events such as a death in the family or a car crash may trigger anxiety. Symptoms of children with anxiety disorders may include feelings of dread or panic; difficulty concentrating; muscle tension; insomnia; restlessness; irritability; and avoidance of situations that cause fear or worry.

Those were some of the common childhood mental disorders.

Treatment Options for Psychiatric Disorders in Children

The most effective treatment approach for a child’s mental illness and psychotic disorders will depend on their individual needs and symptoms as well as their age and stage of development. Common procedures include psychotherapy, medication, lifestyle changes, family therapy, support groups, educational interventions, cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT), dialectical behaviour therapy (DBT), mindfulness techniques, art therapy, play therapy, occupational therapy, and meditation/yoga. It’s essential to work with your doctor to find an appropriate combination of treatments tailored specifically to your child’s needs.

Psychiatrists Help With Mental Disorders in Children

When it comes to treating childhood mental disorders, there are many options available—and finding the right one can be difficult but rewarding work. It’s important to take into account age-appropriate treatments as well as any underlying medical conditions when choosing a treatment plan for your child’s mental illness. With proper care and support from family members, friends, teachers, and mental health care providers like doctors, therapists, psychologists, and psychiatrists, your child can lead a healthy life despite their diagnosis.

Also, consider joining online support groups and taking advantage of resources such as Dr. Sagnik Mukherjee’s online consultation service. He is a mental health professional who provides psychiatric and mental health services from Kolkata, West Bengal. Ultimately it’s up to you to decide what kind of treatment works best for your family so make sure you do your research before making any decisions!

Dr Sagnik Mukherje_Photo

Dr. Sagnik Mukherjee is a highly regarded psychiatrist in Kolkata, bringing over a decade of experience in mental health to his practice. With a medical degree from Chittaranjan Hospital and an MD in psychiatry, his expertise spans adult psychiatry, geriatric psychiatry, child psychiatry, depression, anxiety-related disorders, and relationship issues. He has built a strong professional foundation, having worked at esteemed institutions such as Chittaranjan Hospital, SVS Medical College & Hospital, KPC Medical College, and Iris Hospital. His clinic is known for its advanced technology and state-of-the-art infrastructure, providing personalised mental health care, including medication management, individual and group therapy, and specialised services for substance abuse and eating disorders. His holistic approach takes into account lifestyle, diet, environment, and family dynamics when creating effective treatment plans. Additionally, he’s a respected TV speaker on social issues and offers online consultations for patient convenience, making him a trusted figure in the field of psychiatry in Kolkata.