Mental health and physical activity are correlated as it is the mind that controls the body. Mental disturbances can affect everything about your body health including appetite, sleep, digestion, etc. If a person finds difficulty in any of these despite a healthy lifestyle, he must consult a general psychiatrist for mental health care.
What is General Psychiatry?
General Psychiatry involves the diagnosis and treatment of mental health disorders. Besides this, it also treats emotional and behavioural issues. Dr Sagnik Mukherjee the Best Psychaitrist in Kolkata treats mental health disorders.
Why do we need Mental Health Professionals?
Only qualified Mental Health Professionals can treat these mental disorders with proper psychiatric care. They analyze not just the topical issues but the complete brain functions with all kinds of interventions. They adopt a different approach to an illness called the “Biopsychosocial Approach”.
With their additional training in psychiatry, they know how to differentiate neurological disorders and impaired brain functions from mental illnesses. They have unique diagnostic criteria and special methods in psychiatry that help them cure mental disorders.
What are the mental illnesses treated by a General Psychiatrist?
A General Psychiatrist Treats a wide spectrum of mental illnesses. These include complex bipolar disorders to even simple eating disorders. Here is a list of the mental illnesses that a general psychiatrist can cure.
Depression is a mental illness where the person loses interest in daily activities and has no enthusiasm for life. This impairs his lifestyle, relationships, occupation, activities, etc.
Depressive symptoms include chronic fatigue, isolation, restlessness, lack of sleep and appetite, etc. Some may even have suicidal thoughts due to guilt and hopeless feelings.
Depression can range from low-grade depression or dysthymia to severe or chronic major depression. Other forms of this mental disease include seasonal, post-partum, pre-menstrual, and psychotic depression.
A General Psychiatrist treats depressive symptoms through psychotherapy, medicines, and other psychological interventions.
People who have anxiety disorder are tense and restless. They show signs of panic and fear. Trembling, excessive sweating and increased heartbeat are the other affective symptoms of anxiety. If left untreated, anxiety may lead to severe complications like depression or suicide.
A Mental Health Professional treats the effects on anxiety symptoms using the medication, psychotherapy, CBT – cognitive behaviour therapy, etc.
Bipolar disorder is a mental disorder where the person experiences extreme mood fluctuations ranging from depression to mania. There are 3 types of bipolar disorder- bipolar I, II, and cyclothymic disorder. An imbalance of chemicals in the brain causes this mental illness.
Treatment for bipolar disorders includes medication, psychotherapy and ECT-electro convulsive therapy.
Phobia is a condition where the person has an extreme fear about something. Unlike anxiety, the phobia has a specific cause. Phobia may annoy or irritate a person and even impair his physical activity. Phobia is of different types from fear of insects, crowded spaces to fear of heights, etc. symptoms of ph include shortness of breath, dizziness, profuse sweating, trembling, nausea, etc.
Clinical studies reveal that people with depressive symptoms, anxiety, schizophrenia, etc, often exhibit phobia. Phobia treatment includes the use of psychiatric drugs and CBT.
OCD- Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
Persons with OCD or Obsessive Compulsive Disorder have both obsessions and compulsions. They have obsessions which is an uncontrollable fear about something. And they show compulsions where they do something repeatedly without reason. Some examples of OCD are repeated washing, counting, locking doors, checking, etc. Some of these symptoms have a high risk of infection and have to be addressed immediately.
OCD is treated with the use of psychiatric drugs and with CBT. If left untreated, OCD can result in severe mental health issues like anxiety, depression.
Schizophrenia is a chronic mental illness characterised by delusions, phobias, hallucinations, etc. The patient’s speech is incoherent and his thinking is disoriented. This mental illness impairs the physical activity and cognitive thinking of the patient. Treatment for Schizophrenia includes the use of antidepressants, antipsychotic drugs, and stabilizers to combat mood disorders.
A panic attack is a sudden occurrence of acute fear in the person without any reason. It can happen at any time without warning, even while asleep or at work, or while driving. Symptoms of a panic attack include headache, chest pain, nausea, dizziness, trembling, sweating, etc. Treatment includes CBT, psychotherapy, medication, and exposure treatment.
Role of Mental Health Professionals in COVID-19 Pandemic
The Covid-19 Pandemic wrought havoc, affecting the mental health of one and all. There was a high prevalence of insomnia symptoms that led to the onset of depression.
COVID-19 Pandemic delirium set in, leading to many having phobias and panic attacks. Frontline healthcare workers needed mental health care to combat anxiety and severe depression.
Psychiatrists played a pivotal role in treating the mental health of people during the COVID-19 Pandemic.
Experienced mental health care professionals are a must to help people combat and cure the affective symptoms of mental disorders in daily life.