Every child is precious and that is why parents give priority to their child‘s welfare. But most often, many of the child‘s health issues are related to their mental health conditions. Most parents are unaware of this and cannot identify mental health disorders or mood disorders in childhood.
Parents in India can now access specialized services from a paediatric psychiatrist or adolescent psychiatrist in Kolkata to help their children with mental health issues. An experienced child psychiatrist is available in Kolkata to provide the best care for children with mental health conditions. He has the expertise to diagnose and treat issues such as mood disorders, anxiety, depression and other behavioural disorders. With the help of an adolescent psychiatrist, parents can ensure that their child receives the necessary treatment and support to lead a healthy life.
Moreover, parents can seek the help of child psychiatrist doctors in Kolkata for their needs. Dr Sagnik Mukherjee’s clinic is a dedicated clinic in Kolkata that provides comprehensive mental health services to children, adolescents, and also adults.
What are the Psychiatric Disorders in Children?
A child is said to have a psychiatric disorder if the thinking or behaviour is not age–appropriate and this causes him distress. The most common psychiatric disorders in children in India are:
1. Personality Development Disorder
2. Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
3. Anxiety Disorders
4. Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)
5. Mood Disorders
6. Behavioural Disorder
7. Eating Disorders
8. Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
9. Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD)
10. Bipolar Disorder
The common mental illnesses in children include:
Personality Depressive Disorder
Many parents think their child is difficult. They fail to understand that he/she might have a psychiatric condition that makes him/her behave so, and could benefit from the services of a child psychologist or pediatric psychiatrist. He/ She may have a personality depressive disorder that only a child psychiatrist or mental doctor for kids can recognise. Parents should consult a paediatric psychiatrist or adolescent psychiatrist before judging the child to be difficult. These kinds of child mental disorders can be minimized with the right treatment using psychotherapy, psychiatric medications, crisis management therapy, etc.
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
Children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) are hyperactive, less attentive, and impulsive. this neuropsychiatric disorder affects the child‘s progress at school and impairs his social interactions. ADHD specialists or child neuropsychiatrists with specialized training for kids, use behavioural therapy and medications like stimulants and non–stimulants to treat this disorder in children. Dr Sagnik Mukherjee’s clinic is one of the best places for ADHD treatment in Kolkata.
In this type of disorder, the child is obsessed with a particular body type and eats less or more to attain that figure. Eating disorder falls under these three categories Bulimia, Anorexia, and Binge. Since eating disorders can have serious physical and psychiatric implications, they need proper medication. The best psychiatric treatment is available in Dr Sagnik Mukherjee’s clinic for this disorder. This will ensure the physical and mental health of the kid.
Some children show a marked difference in their behaviour in their childhood years. This psychiatric condition refers to a group of illnesses called disruptive behavioural disorders. The DSM-5 or the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders includes Oppositional defiant disorders and Conduct disorders under this term. These medical conditions affect the child‘s daily life, studies and academic performance.
In Defiant disorder, the child is willfully rebellious and opposes everything people around him/her say or do. In Conduct disorder, the child shows aggression or violence and is prone to theft, arson, escape, etc. The absolute difference between the two psychiatric conditions is thin but clear. Defiant disorder sets in for an 8-year-old child and lasts for 12 years. Conduct disorders are common during adolescence.
Treatment for these behavioural disorders comes under adolescent psychiatry which includes psychiatric assessment, psychotherapy, individual and family therapy, behavioural therapy and psychiatric medications to control the symptoms and the illness.
It is important to note that while Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) typically present in early childhood, a diagnosis may not be made until later in development. Risk factors for ASD include genetic predisposition as well as prenatal and perinatal complications. Environmental factors, such as exposure to certain chemicals, have also been suggested as potential contributing factors.
Kids with ASD often have difficulty communicating & interacting socially, without a known cure. But, early intervention and therapies like autism therapy can help improve life quality. Parents & medical professionals must look out for signs of ASD for timely interventions. Child psychiatry offers occupational, language & social skills training as part of Autism treatment. Contact Dr Sagnik Mukherjee’s clinic for the best autism therapy in Kolkata!
Pervasive Developmental Disorder
This mental illness comes under the autism spectrum disorder. Here the child faces difficulty in using language and objects and has trouble understanding events around him. The age of onset of pervasive development disorder is before 3 years. This illness needs psychiatric intervention and personal attention from a healthcare provider.
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder– PTSD
Many children experience these psychiatric symptoms or emotional disorders as a result of some traumatic event like accidents, natural disasters, physical abuse, child sex abuse, emotional disorders, etc. Children with PTSD have nightmares, sweating, bedwetting, headaches, stomachaches, etc. They even have major depression and panic attacks. The right mental health care using antidepressants and cognitive therapy can cure them.
Most people think bedwetting is a common childhood psychiatric problem. But it could be the effect of an underlying mental disorder. Children with post-traumatic stress disorder often undergo bedwetting during nightmares or panic attacks. This health condition should not be ignored but needs mental health treatment.
A child has generalised anxiety disorder if he constantly worries or fears something. This mental illness affects his mental well-being in childhood and quality of life. This comes under child and adolescent psychiatry, Dr Sagnik Mukherjee a renowned child psychiatrist in Kolkata treats this by using mild anxiety medications and Cognitive Behavioural Therapy.
Bipolar disorder is difficult to identify in children as this psychiatric condition resembles normal childish or teen behaviour. It has rapid cycling through mixed stages of mania and depression. Early intervention by a child psychiatrist is a must to cure this illness in children, treatment options for bipolar disorder include the use of antipsychotic drugs, Interpersonal and Social Rhythm Therapy, CBT, etc.
Are Child Psychiatric Problems Treatable?
A big Yes, this is good news for parents of children with psychotic disorders. That is Children‘s psychiatric problems are surprisingly common and treatable. Yet, too often, children with mental health problems go undiagnosed and untreated.
Child Psychiatric problems need personalised mental health treatment by expert adolescent psychiatrists at the right juncture. One should consult an experienced mental health professional for neuropsychiatric symptoms. Dr Sagnik Mukherjee is considered one of the top child psychiatrists in Kolkata. He can give his paediatric patients a good quality of life and a bright future.
Consult Dr Sagnik Mukherjee the best child mental doctor in Kolkata for a new life for your children. Call or Whatsapp 98313 13020 for an appointment or visit our Kolkata Psychiatry Clinic.